Day Trading in Canada in 2021 – How To Start

Day trading involves speculating on securities by a trader. It involves buying and selling of any financial instrument and the trading decisions are concluded within a day.
This means that the trader closes all opened positions before the end of the day.
Many traders use this method because it enables them to lower the cost of trading.

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Leaving a position open overnight can cost money. Switch over from one day to another can cause a negative price gap between the close of one day and the open of the next day. Day traders work towards avoiding this price gap. This informs their decisions to close their opened position before the day ends.

Day traders are different from traders that open and hold a trading position for a very long time. The general name given to day traders is speculators. One can consider day trading as gambling. However, the process of Day Trading Canada becomes a lot easier with the use of trading software.

Day traders do not hold a position for too long, especially if the position is going into a loss. They will quickly exit such a trade so that it will not put their accounts at a big loss. Such a quick action will help to prevent the possibility of a margin call. The broker’s call rate depends on the margin interest rate.

Leverage in day trading

Day traders have access to leverage. The leverage varies from one broker to another. You can access the different levels of leverage also in Day Trading Canada. The level of leverage you use can determine how much open position you can control as a trader.

If you use a leverage of 4:1, for example, it means that you will be able to control a position that is 5 times what you have in your trading account. If you have a total of $1000 as your trading balance, using the leverage of 5:1 will enable you to open a position as big as $5000.

This means that you can also make times 5 the profit you would have made if you do not use leverage. While the use of leverage for Day Trading Canada can help to increase your profit a great deal, it can also increase your loss tremendously.

This means that leverage is a two-edged sword. So, you must use it with care. The possible profit and possible loss depend on how high your leverage is. This is why day traders should always use leverage with care.

Commonly traded financial instruments

Some of the common financial instruments are:

  • Futures contracts
  • Contracts for difference
  • Cryptocurrency
  • Currency
  • Options
  • Stocks

In times past, only professional speculators and financial firms were involved in Day Trading Canada. Things are different a great deal these days. The difference is made possible by the involvement of electronic trading platforms and this started in the 1990s.

It is now possible for so many people to venture into day trading. You do not need to be a money bag before you can profit from it. All you need is just the right knowledge and a small amount of money.

How expensive is day trading?

Day trading is a risky business. Be that as it may, it can be profitable for those who have the right knowledge and tools. The expensiveness of Day Trading Canada depends largely on each broker.

The charges you have to pay for trading online depend on what your particular broker demands. Some brokers will charge you commissions, while some other brokers will not charge commissions.

Some brokers will also charge you what is called the spread, but you will get spread-free trading from some other set of brokers. Experts believe that those brokers that do not charge spread end up adding the spread to the amount they charge as a commission.

Check below for a list of the various ways that brokers can bill the trader:

  • Spread
  • Commission
  • Withdrawal fee
  • Swap

The spread is the difference between the bid and ask price. This is one of the major ways via which brokers make money from Day Trading Canada. The spread can vary from one broker to another. It can also vary from one financial instrument to another.

Even the trading session can determine the spread. In Forex trading, for example, the spread on trading the major currency pairs can be lower than the spread for trading the minor currency pairs.

Many brokers charge a commission, but the commission varies from one broker to another. As a day trader, you will never have to worry about the swap fee. This is because swap fees are only paid by those who leave their trades open overnight. This means that Day Trading Canada can help to reduce the cost of trading online.

Finally, most brokers process deposits and withdrawals for free. In fact, you should steer clear of any broker that charges you a fee for making a deposit or withdrawing your profit.

Common Day Trading Canada techniques

Day traders use two main techniques for trading. These are:

  • Fundamental analysis
  • Technical analysis

Fundamental analysis

Fundamental analysis is a special technique that considers important financial and economic numbers for determining the future behavior of an asset. The economic data will help the trader to determine if that asset will rise or fall in the nearest future. Examples of the economic data or events include the following:

  • Interest rate decision
  • Retail sales
  • Manufacturing and services PMIs
  • Rate of unemployment
  • And so on

Oil rigs and weekly crude oil inventories can equally help the trader to make trading decisions on crude oil. In stock trading, on the other hand, day traders want to know about mergers and acquisitions for making trading decisions.

A stock trader will also focus their attention on the news about the departure of a CEO. This can help them to choose if they should buy or short the shares of the affected company. While fundamental analysis can help you to make good trading decisions, many day traders avoid using it.

This is because many day traders are scalpers. Scalpers are rarely interested in the main numbers pushing the prices.

While scalpers avoid it, some day traders use fundamental analysis to plan their trading strategies. If you are a day trader that bases his trading decision on volatility, then you will find yourself looking for the way of fundamental analysis to make trading decisions.

Why is this so? It is because there is usually high volatility in price movement during the period of a news release. There are different categories of economic news that may affect the financial market; they are:

  • High-impact news
  • Medium-impact news
  • Low-impact news

High impact news usually has very strong effects on price movements. The medium-impact news, on the other hand, does not affect price movement as much as the high-impact news. The low-impact news has little or no effect on price movement. So, most day traders using fundamental analysis will focus their attention on the high-impact news only.

Categories of fundamental analysis

We can categorize fundamental analysis into two places; these categories are:

  • Micro-level fundamentals
  • Macro-level fundamentals

Micro-level fundamentals

Examples include the study of the following:

  • Soft elements
  • Capital structure
  • Assets and liabilities
  • Earnings
  • Costs
  • Revenues

Soft elements refer to the competitive position of the company and the quality of its management team.

Macro-level fundamentals

This has to do with the study of the following:

  • Consumer and business trend
  • Soft data
  • Geopolitical matters
  • The central bank and political policies
  • Demographic trends
  • Resource utilization and their cyclicality
  • Capital flows between countries
  • Interest rate trends
  • Credit cycles
  • Inflation
  • Economic growth

Soft data in this case refers to confidence or sentiment surveys.

Technical analysis

We can say that technical analysis is the opposite of fundamental analysis. Technical analysis involves the studying of past information and data on an instrument. The technical traders will then use the data to make trading decisions.

Technical analysis and fundamental analysis are considered to be subsets of security analysis. As a day trader, you can use technical analysis to make trading decisions with ease.

Those who use technical analysis are called chartists. This is because they make Day Trading Canada decisions by reading the charts of the financial instruments they are trading. The charts can display the volume and price of the asset. This can help the traders to detect the patterns and trends of the asset.

To detect price pattern, the day trader using technical analysis focuses on the following:

  • Technical indicators
  • Moving averages
  • Candlestick patterns
  • Trendiness
  • Support
  • Resistance

Some day traders prefer to use technical analysis, while some other ones prefer fundamental analysis. Some other traders prefer to use the two together. Many of the large brokerages and banks set up teams that are experts in both technical and fundamental analyses. The combination of information from the two types of analyses helps the trader to improve his trading results.

Characteristics of technical analysis

Technical analysis involves the interpretation of the magnitude and successive flow of volume and price data. This can be done via a stock ticker. Computers make it possible to compile the data into charts. The charts then become the standard point of reference for technicians.

Day traders using technical analysis focus their attention on how to recognize candlesticks and chart patterns. They also focus on regression analysis, price correlation, and moving averages. There are so many technical indicators available to day traders today. Once you have coding knowledge in the related field, you can create an indicator.

A technical indicator can assist the trader in achieving the following:

  • Potential mismatches in supply and demand
  • Behavioral proclivities
  • Trends

Even at that, you cannot rely entirely on technical analysis for accurate prediction of future price movement.

Analytical approaches to technical analysis

The simplest way to approach technical analysis in day Trading Canada is via basic candlestick price charts. The price charts display the buying and selling dynamics of the price. It also shows the price history within a given period.

Another way involves the use of technical indicators. Good examples of common technical indicators are:

  • Harmonics
  • Elliott wave theory

One of the major reasons why traders fail is because of information overload. Some other traders also use too many indicators on their price charts. The situation can cause confusion and the trader will be unable to understand price movement.

Before you start trading, make sure you have a good trading plan. You should only trade when the market condition agrees with your plan. You should never allow emotion to determine your trading decision at all. This can negatively affect your effectiveness as a day trader.

Types of charts

Day traders using technical analysis make use of charts. There are three types of charts available; they are:

  • Candlestick charts
  • Bar charts
  • Line charts
  • Area
  • Heiken-Ashi

Candlestick charts

It is the most commonly used among the three types of charts available. There are bullish candles and bearish candles. Usually, these two types of candles come in different colors. The bullish candles can be in green, blue, or even white color. It all depends on what the trader prefers.

The bearish candle, on the other hand, usually comes in red color or any other color the trader is comfortable with. A bullish candle occurs when the closing price of the asset is higher than the opening price during that period under review. In the case of the bullish candle, the closing price is below the opening price during the period under review.

A typical candlestick will show the distance between the closing and opening prices of the asset. It also shows the total daily range. The following are the characteristics of a candlestick:

  • Opening price: It is lower in a bullish candle and higher in a bearish candle
  • Closing price: It is higher in a bullish candle and lowers in a bearish candle
  • Highest price: It represents the highest point that the asset reached during that period under review
  • Lowest price: It represents the lowest point the asset reached during that period under review

The distance between the opening price and closing price is called the body of the candle. On the other hand, the highest and lowest prices are called the wicks of the candle.

Bar chart

You can also call it an open-high low-closer. A bar chart also gives a lot of information, but not as much as a candlestick chart. In a bar chart,

  • The open price is just a horizontal tick on the left side of the bar
  • The closing price is the horizontal tick on the right side of the bar
  • The body is the vertical line between the open and close prices
  • The areas above and beyond the distance between the horizontal open and close ticks represent the wicks of the price

Line charts

A line chart is not as expressive as a candlestick chart. The line chart simply connects the closing prices of each time period. It does not give much information. This is why many day traders do not use it.

Area

There is a relationship between the line chart and the area. The area under the lien chart is shaded. The purpose of the shading is to make the visualization of price movement a lot easier.

Heiken-Ashi

Such a chart makes use of candlesticks for its plotting. Be that as it may, it uses a different mathematical formulation of price. The prices are smoothed for a better indication of the trending price action.

Common terms in technical analysis

  • Average true range: This stands for a range over a given period. The period usually used is the daily period.
  • Cycle: This is the period where a trader expects price action to follow a given pattern.
  • Breakouts: This is when price action breaks or goes beyond a support or resistance. A breakout can be due to a surge in buying and selling volume.
  • Dead cat bounce: This occurs when sellers are many and, therefore, force the price to sell. However, the sell is only able to move a short distance.
  • Dow Theory: This is based on the relationship between the Dow Jones Transportation Average and the Dow Jones Industrial Average. If any other two go in a given direction, the second one will usually follow in that same direction. The Dow Jones Transportation Average can help the trader to gauge the health of an economy. The economy can be said to be good if there is a high volume of transactions and good shipments. The Baltic Dry Index is a good example of the Dow Jones Transportation Average.
  • Doji: It is a form of a candlestick in which there is nobody. This means that the opening price is the same as the closing price. A Doji represents indecision in the market.
  • Price action: This represents the movement of price. The market charts give the graphical representation of price action.
  • Momentum: It stands for the rate at which price changes with time.
  • Harmonics: It has its basis on the idea that price movements or patterns repeat themselves. It also works with the assumption that Fibonacci sequences can help identify important points in the market.
  • Resistance: This is a price level where you can place a sell order. There is the likelihood that the price will bounce off at this level and start selling. The price may breach the resistance and continue buying if there is sufficient buying pressure.
  • Support: This is a price level where one can expect a buy to begin. There is a likelihood that the price will bounce off at this point and go into a buy. The support may not be able to hold off the price from selling, however, if there is sufficient selling pressure.
  • Retracement: This is the change in the prevailing direction of the market. A retracement is not expected to continue for long before the price continues in the prevailing direction again. The retracement is expected to stop when support or resistance level is reached.
  • Trend: This is a price action that continues in a single direction for a prolonged period of time.

Indicators used in technical analysis

As we mentioned earlier, technical analysis involves the reading of the charts. You can use trend line, support, and resistance to make a trading decision. You can also use indicators. You will find so many indicators on platforms used for day Trading Canada.

The indicators come about via the arithmetical or statistical transformation of volume or piece data towards providing mathematical descriptions of price movement, including support and resistance levels.

The indicators also help to determine deviations, trends, and momentum. You can equally find several other indicators that describe a series of sentiments in price movement.

We can categorize technical indicators into the following:

  • Non-chart based
  • Overlays
  • Breadth
  • Volume-based
  • Price—based

Price-based technical indicators

Examples are:

  • Trix
  • Stochastic oscillator
  • Relative strength index (RSI)
  • Moving average
  • Momentum
  • MACD
  • Coppock Curve
  • Commodity Channel Index (CCI)
  • Average Directional Movement Rating (ADMR)
  • Average Directional Index (ADI)

Volume-based technical indicators

Examples are:

  • Money Flow Index
  • Negative Volume Index
  • On-Balance Volume
  • Positive Volume Index
  • Williams Accumulation/Distribution

Breadth indicators

This category of indicators helps to determine the strength or weakness of the market movement

Examples are:

  • Advance-Decline Line
  • Arms Index
  • McClellan Oscillator

Overlays indicators

Traders place them over the original price charts

Examples are:

  • Bollinger bands
  • Channel
  • Fibonacci Lines
  • Ichimoku Cloud
  • Moving average
  • Parabolic SAR
  • Pivot points
  • Trend line

Non-chart based indicators

They are not based on charts and have nothing to do with arithmetic transformations of price. A good example is a sentiment-based curve from businesses and consumers to gauge the possible direction of price.

Opportunities in day Trading Canada

You can day trade by investing your own money. You can also day trade as an employee. Another name for day Trading Canada is swing trading. As a day trader, you can be hired by large financial institutions it trades for them.

You can also be trained by mentors or other professional traders towards improving your skills. You can either work on your own or under the direct supervision of these more experienced traders.

You will be paid a salary for your effort. Also, you will not be risking your own money on trading. The salary you can get varies from one organization to another. Some of those who employ day traders can pay them additional bonuses based on the profit made by the trader.

If you have an interest in such an opportunity, you should take some time to carry out adequate research about the terms and conditions of working for the organizations.

If you are an individual day trader, you do not need a lot of money to trade on your own. In fact, you can start day Trading Canadg with less than $100.

How profitable or risky is day Trading Canada

Day trading can be profitable. At the same time, it can be risky. You stand a good chance of making a lot of money. You also stand a good chance of losing all your investment in day trading. You should keep this in mind before you venture into day trading.

Day traders will have access to rapid returns and they can also use financial leverage. This makes it possible to make a huge profit from day Trading Canada. These factors also make day trading to be extremely risky and can cause you to lose your trading capital.

As a day trader, you must always bear the points below in mind:

  • You can suffer extreme loss when you day trade; you must be ready for this unsavory possibility
  • Day trading does not involve investment since it is more of a scalping way of trading
  • Day trading can be expensive and stressful. It can also take your entire day.
  • When you use leverage in day trading, it means you are borrowing money from the broker. It is similar to also buying stocks on margin.
  • Those who tell you that you can make a huge profit in a short period may be lying to you
  • You need to continue learning to be a better day trader. You can visit websites catering to the needs of day traders for helpful education. You should also not overlook expert advice and hot tips on day trading. They can help you a great deal.
  • Unfortunately, many of the educational books, classes, and seminars on day trading are not objective.
  • Check with your country’s security regulator before you pick a broker or day trading firm.
  • Finally, always remember that most day traders lose their money.

A study published in Forbes magazine declared that up to 90% of day traders lose their money and only about 1% is really making money. You must bear all the risks above in mind before you venture into day trading.

Day trading Techniques

Before you can make a regular profit from day trading, you should take time to learn the rope. You also need to develop a good trading strategy as this will help you to make the right trading decisions.

Someone that wants to make a meaningful profit from day Trading Canada will not rely on sentiments. Rather, he will rely solely on facts. You should always allow your trading plan and strategy to determine your trading decisions.

Check below for some of the trading techniques commonly used by day traders:

Algorithm trading

This trading method involves the use of robots. Studies even revealed that over 75% of trades on stocks taking place in the US come from algorithm trading. The consequences are that the profits are lower and the market has become more competitive.

Everyone uses algorithm trading for day trading, including retail traders, hedge funds, and banks. As a retail trader, you can simply go for any of the available day trading robots around or you can develop your own.

Price action trading

Many consider this trading strategy as the best. The strategy has its foundation in technical analysis. However, it does not involve the use of any of the conventional indicators. Traders using this strategy for day Trading Canada base their trading decisions on the following:

  • Volume
  • Chart patterns
  • Price movement

This method is considered by some to be a minimalist approach to day Trading Canada. While it may seem easy, it is not exactly easier than many of the other methods of day trading. Before you can use this method, you need to have a solid knowledge of how the market works. You also need to know the core principles in a market. You can apply price action trading in several markets, including the following:

  • Oil
  • Gold
  • Futures
  • Foreign exchange (Forex)
  • Stocks
  • Etc

Scalping

You can call this method of day Trading Canada spread trading. It is a trading style in which the trader targets small price changes. The speculators look to exploit small price gaps due to the bid-ask spread.

The trader only enters the market for a short period and exits quickly. Trades can last for just a few minutes or even seconds. A scalping day trader can make quick profits and minimize risk. Scalpers focus on the concepts of technical analysis, some of which are:

  • Trendline
  • Support and resistance
  • Oversold and overbought
  • Trading channels

The focus of scalpers is to exploit the market’s inefficiency during high volatility and expansion of the trading range. One other technique used by scalpers is the “fade” technique. In such a situation, the scalpers short sell securities that are overvalued when the values of stocks rise suddenly.

FAQ

What is day trading?

We can define day trading as a form of securities speculations. In day trading, the trader will buy or sell a financial instrument without leaving his position open overnight. This means that his open positions are closed within the same day. Such a trader will never have to pay a swap fee.

Is day trading gambling?

No, day trading is not gambling. Serious traders develop specific trading strategies to trade and they can make a profit from it. The price behaviors can repeat themselves and day traders make use of the repeat to make money.

Do all day traders lose their money?

No, not all day traders lose their money to day trading. There is a considerable percentage of traders, who make a regular profit. Day trading may be very risky, but it does not mean that all day traders lose their money. Even at that, you must always bear in mind that you can make losses in day trading.

What are those things I need for success in day trading?

You need to bear the points below in mind before you can be successful in day trading:

  • You need adequate education about day trading
  • You need to be prepared
  • You need to know how to reduce risk
  • You must be ready for failure. You must also know that failure is a means to learn new things
  • You must be ready to adapt
  • You must also be accountable to yourself

How should I see day trading?

You must see day trading as a business. If you handle a business very well, you will be able to make a profit from the business. A business you fail to handle with care and attention can only end up failing. A business needs dedication; so does day trading.

Can I make quick money from day trading?

You might have heard a lot of things about how you can make huge profits from day trading in a short period. You must not allow such things to deceive you. If you come into day trading with such a mindset, you will record huge losses. Day trading is never a get-rich-quick scheme.

Is day trading profitable?

Yes, you can make a profit from day trading. You can even use leverage for day trading and this will increase your profit-making potentials. Some traders even make a regular income from day trading. However, you must develop a good trading strategy to be able to achieve this.

Is day trading risky?

Yes, day trading is very risky. In fact, it is so risky to the extent that you may lose all your investment in it. This is why you must be very careful when day trading. You must develop good risk management before you start day trading.

How can I start day trading?

Before you start day trading, you need to first register with a broker. The online broker will provide you with the platform on which you can trade. The trading platform connects you to the world of online trading and it is usually very easy to navigate.

What markets can I trade?

You can access several markets in day trading. Some of them are:

  • Stock markets
  • Futures markets
  • Forex markets
  • Cryptocurrency markets
  • Options markets
  • CFD markets

How much can I invest in day trading?

It all depends on the broker that you choose. Some brokers ask for a huge amount as the minimum deposit and some other brokers only ask for a small amount of money. Whatever the case may be, only start with the minimum amount required for trading. You should never risk more than you can afford to lose.

How can I minimize risk in day trading?

The steps below can help you:

  • Develop a good trading strategy and follow it
  • Always keep your emotion away from trading
  • You should only trade online with what you can afford to lose
  • It is important to continue learning. This will broaden your knowledge and help you to make better trading decisions

How can leverage help me?

Leverage can give the trader access to extra money with which to trade. If you have $100 as your account balance, using the leverage of 50:1 can enable you to open a position as much as $5000. Leverage can help you to make a huge profit, as well as, a huge loss.

Can I depend on signal service providers?

Yes, it is possible. It can even help you to make a profit with little or no knowledge about day trading. However, make sure you choose a trading signal provider that is reliable. If not, you will end up with losses. First, find out about the trading history of that service provider before you follow its signals.

Are trading robots reliable?

You will come by so many trading robots out there, but only a few of them are reliable. How can you get a reliable trading robot? You need to read up reviews about them and only read the reviews from neutral sources. You should also not risk too much money when trading with robots.

How can I choose a broker?

There are so many online trading brokers out there today and they all claim to be reliable. When looking for a reliable one, check if the trader is regulated by necessary regulatory agencies in your country. You should also consider how long that broker had been in business.

Will regulation stop a broker from mishandling my funds?

Yes, regulation can stop a trader from committing crimes against its traders. The regulatory agencies make sure that the broker separates its funds from those of its traders. Make sure that the broker is regulated by a regulatory agency in your country. In such a situation, it will be easier to settle any issue that may arise.

Which one is better for me as a day trader between fundamental and technical analyses?

The two are ok, but many day traders opt for technical analysis. This is because it permits more short traders than fundamental analysis. Fundamental analysis is only good for short-term trades during high volatility periods. The high volatility occurs during the release of high-impact news.

 

Day trading Canada
Trading leveraged products such as Forex and CFDs may not be suitable for all investors as they carry a high degree of risk to your capital.It is really important that you do not trade any money that you can’t afford to lose because regardless of how much research you have done, or how confident you are in your trade, there will always be a time that you lose.